Topics Currently Included in the International Encyclopedia of Ethics

New in light yellow; Revised in light green; Redone from scratch in light blue. Date in parenthesis

[The ones in yellow or green are available only online. All will be included in the Second Print Edition (2020 or 2021)


Current Headwords (Topics)

A Posteriori Ethical Knowledge Exploitation Overcriminalization
A Priori Ethical Knowledge Externalism, Motivational Overridingness, Moral
Abelard, Peter Fact-Value Distinction Pacifism
Abortion Fair Trade (19) Palliative Care (17)
Academic Freedom Faith Paradox of Deontology
Accounting Ethics Falk, W. D. Paradox of Happiness
Achievement (18) Family Paradoxes of Voting
Action Fanon, Frantz (15) Parents' Rights and Responsibilities
Addams, Jane Fatherhood Parfit, Derek (19)
Addiction Feinberg, Joel Particularism
Adoption Feizi, Han (19) Patents
Adorno, Theodor W. Feminist Bioethics Paternalism (15)
Adultery Feminist Ethics Patience (16)
Advance Directives Feminist Metaethics Pedophilia
Adversarial System of Justice Feminist Political Theory Perception, Moral
Advertising, Ethics of Fetuses Perfectionism
Aesthetics and Ethics Fichte, Johann Gottlieb Perry, Ralph Barton
Affirmative Action Fictionalism, Moral Personal Relationships
African American Religious Ethics Filial Duties Personhood, Criteria of
African Ethics (15) Firth, Roderick Pharmacist Ethics
African Politial Philosophy (15) Food Ethics (19) Phenomenology, Moral
Agape Foot, Philippa Philanthropy (19)
Age Discrimination Forgiveness Plato
Agent-Centered Options Foucault, Michel Plea Bargaining
Agent-Centered Restrictions Frankena, William K. Pleasure
Agent-Relative vs. Agent-Neutral Free Riding Plotinus
Aggregation (19) Free Will Political Correctness
Agricultural Ethics Frege-Geach Objection Political Ethics
Aid, Ethics of Freud, Sigmund Political Obligation
AIDS Friendship Polyamory (16)
Al-Farabi Frondizi, Risieri Population
Alienation Functionalism, Moral Pornography and Obscenity
Allocating Scarce Medical Resources Game Theory and Rational Choice Potential Persons
Altruism and Biology Gandhi, Mohandas K. (15) Power
Amnesty Gender and Patriarchy in Religions Practical Conditionals
Amoralist Generalism vrs. Particularism Practical Reasoning
Analogical Arguments Generosity Practical Virtue Ethics
Anarchism Genetic Testing Pragmatic Ethics
Ancient Ethics (18) Genetically Modified Organisms Pragmatic Theory of Action
Ancillary-Care Obligations Genocide Praise (19)
Anger (19) Geulincx, Arnold (15) Praxis
Animal Cognition Glass Ceiling Precautionary Principle
Animal Experimentation Global Business Ethics Precedent (19)
Animal Rights Global Distributive Justice Predatory Pricing
Animals, Moral Status of Global Finance (19) Preference
Anscombe, G.E.M. Global Health Ethics Prescriptivism
Anthopocentrism Global Poverty Preventive and Preemptive War
Apology (19) Globalization Price, Richard
Applied Ethics Golden Rule Prichard, H. A.
Aquinas, Saint Thomas Good and Bad Samaritanism Pride
Arendt, Hannah Good and Better Prima Facie and Pro Tanto Oughts
Aristotle Good and Good for (17) Principlism
Arrogance Goodness, Varieties of Prioritarianism
Arrow's Theorem Gratitude Prisoner's Rights (19)
Artificial Intelligence (19) Greatest Happiness Principle Privacy
Aspiration (19) Greed (18) Privacy and the Internet (16)
Assassination Green, T.H. Pro Attitudes
Association, Freedom of Grief (15) Procreation Ethics (19)
Associative Duties Grotius, Hugo Productive Justice (19)
Atonement Groups, Moral Status of Professional Ethics (15)
Attention, Moral Guilt Profit Motive
Attitudes, Reactive Guise of the Good Projectivism
Augustine, Saint Gun Control Promises
Austin, J. L.  Guo Xiang Propaganda
Austin, John Guyau, Jean-Marie (15) Properties, Moral
Authenticity Happiness Proportionality (in War)
Authority Hare, R. M. Prostitution (renamed "Sex Work") (17)
Autonomy Harm Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph
Autonomy of Ethics Harm Principle Prudence
Ayer, A. J. Harrington, James Psychiatric Ethics
Bad Faith and the Unconscious Hart, H.L.A. Psychopathy
Badiou, Alain Hartmann, Nicolai Psychopharmacology
Balguy, John Hate Speech Psychosurgery
Basic Income (19) Health and Disease in Religions Public Goods
Barth, Karl (16) Health Care Resources, Distribution of Public Health Ethics
Benefiting from Injustice (19) Health Surveillance, Ethics of Public Philosophy (19)
Benevolence (18) Hedonism Public Reason
Bentham, Jeremy Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Publicity
Bergson, Henri Heidegger, Martin Pufendorf, Samuel von
Berlin, Isaiah (15) Hellenistic Ethics Punishment
Bias (18) Highest Good Quasi-Realism
Biocentrism (16) Hindu Ethics Queerness, Argument from (17)
Bioethics Hobbes, Thomas Quietism
Biopolitics (15) Hobhouse, L.T. (17) Quotidian Ethics
Biopiracy Holism (16) Rabbinic Ethics
Biotechnology Holocaust Race, What It Is
Birth Control Homicide Racial Profiling (19)
Blame Homosexuality Racism
Bloch, Ernst Honor Ransom (19)
Body (15) Hope (19) Ranciére, Jacques
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich (15) Hospitality (15) Rape
Bluffing Human Rights and Religion Rashdall, Hastings (16)
Boycotts Human Subjects, Research Use of Rationalism in Ethics (17)
Bradley, F.H. Humanitarian Intervention Rationality
Brain Death Hume, David Rauschenbusch, Walter
Brain Drain (18) Humor, Ethics of Rawls, John
Brentano, Franz Hunting Realism, Moral
Bribery and Extortion Husserl, Edmund Reason and Passion
Buber, Martin Hutcheson, Francis Reasons
Buck-Passing Accounts Hybrid Theories of Moral Statements Reasons for Action, Morality and
Buddhist Ethics Hybrid Theories of Well-Being (I9) Reasons, Internal and External
Bullying (16) Hypocrisy (18) Reasons, Motivating and Normative
Burden of Proof (16) Ibn Bâjja (19) Reasons: Atomism and Holism
Burke, Edmund Ideal Observer Theories Reasonable Person Standard (19)
Business Ethics Idealization in Ethics Reciprocity
Butler, Joseph Identity, Politics of Recognition
Calvin, John Imagination in Ethics Reconciliation 
Camus, Albert Immigration (19) Reductionism in Ethics
Capabilities Impartiality Reflective Equilibrium
Capital Punishment Imperatives, Categorical and Hypothetical Refugees (20)
Care Ethics Imperatives, Logic of (15) Regret
Carritt, E.F. (16) Imperfect Duties Reid, Thomas
Castes and Casteism (19) Implicit Bias (18) Relational Autonomy (19)
Casuistry Incest Relational Ethics (16)
Categorical Imperative Incommensurability (and Incomparability) Relativism, Moral
Character Infanticide Religion and Global Ethics
Charity Infectious Diseases Religion and Politics
Chastity Informed Consent Religion, Freedom of
Cheating Inheritance Religious Saints
Child Abuse and Neglect Insanity Defense Reparations
Children's Rights Instrumental Value Reproductive Technology
Citizenship Integrity (18) Repugnant Conclusion
Civic Friendship Intellectual Property Research Ethics
Civic Virtue Intellectual Virtue (18) Respect
Civil Disobedience Intention Response-Dependent Theories
Civil Rights Intentionality Responsibility (18)
Civilian Immunity Intergenerational Ethics (16) Responsibility, Continental Perspectives on (15)
Clarke, Samuel (19) Internalism, Motivational Responsibility for Global Injustice (18)
Climate Change International Bill of Rights Retribution
Cloning International Criminal Justice Ricoeur, Paul
Codes of Ethics International Relations (16) Rights (17)
Coercion International Research Ethics Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Coercive Wage Offers Internet Ethics Ring of Gyges
Cognitivism Intersubjectivity Risk
Cohen, G.A (18) Intimidation (16) Robotics (19)
Cohen, Hermann Intransitivity Rorty, Richard
Coherentism, Moral Intrinsic Value Ross, W. D.
Collateral Consequences of Punishment (19) Intuitionism, Moral Rousseau, Jean-Jacques
Collateral Damage Intuitions, Moral Rules, Standards, and Principles
Collective Responsibility Islamic Ethics Russell, Bertrand
Colonialism and Post-Colonialism Is-Ought Gap Same-Sex Marriage
Commitment Jain Ethics Sartre, Jean-Paul
Commodification James, William (16) Satisficing
Common Good Jankélévitch, Vladimir (15) Savior Siblings
Communitarianism Jaspers, Karl Scarcity (17)
Companion Animals (15) Jefferson, Thomas Scheler, Max
Companions in Guilt Strategy (17) Journalistic Ethics (15) Schelling, Fredrich
Comparable Worth Journalistic Objectivity (15) Schleiermacher, Fredrich
Comparative Religious Ethics Just Cause (in War) Schopenhauer, Arthur
Compensatory Justice Just Price Secession
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (18) Just War Theory, History of Self-Deception
Complicity (17) Justice (17) Self-Defense
Compromise Juvenile Justice (17) Self-plagiarism (19)
Computer Ethics Kant, Immanuel Self-Respect and Self-Esteem
Concepts vs. Properties, Moral Kantian Practical Ethics Semantics, Moral
Condorcet (15) Kelsen, Hans Sensibility Theory
Condorcet's Jury Theorem Kierkegaard, Søren(16) Sentience, Moral Relevance of
Confidentiality Killing Sentimentalism
Conflict of Interest King Jr., Martin Luther Sentiments, Moral
Confucian Ethics Laozi Sex Work (formerly "Prostitution") (17)
Confucius Las Casas, Bartolome de (18) Sexual Consent
Conjoined Twins (17) Last Person Arguments Sexual Equality
Conscience Late Modern British Ethics (17) Sexual Harassment
Conscience and Professionals Late Modern Continental Sexual Morality
Conscientious Objection Partial- and After-Birth Abortion (16) Sexuality in Religions
Consent Latin American Ethics Shaftesbury, Third Earl of
Consequentialism Leadership Ethics (17) Shame and Honor
Conservation Biology Legal Ethics Sidgwick, Henry (17)
Constructivism, Moral Legal Moralism (17) Sin, Concepts of
Constitutivism, Moral (17) Levinas, Emmanuel Situationism (17)
Consumption, Ethics of (15) Liberalism (18) Siting
Contextualism in Ethics (17) Liberation Theology and Ethics Skepticism, Moral
Continental Feminist Ethics Libertarianism Slavery
Contractualism Liberty Slippery Slope Arguments
Corporal Punishment Life, Meaning of Slurs (19)
Corporate Culture Life, Value of Smith, Adam (19)
Corporate Governance Literature and Ethics Social Contract (15)
Corporate Social Responsibility Locke, John Socrates
Corruption Long-Term Care Solidarity
Cosmopolitanism (17) Lookism (17) Sophists
Cost-Benefit Analysis Love Species, the Value of
Courage Loyalty Speech, Freedom of
Crimes Against Humanity Luther, Martin Spencer, Herbert
Criminal Attempts Lying and Deceit Spinoza, Baruch
Criminal Justice Ethics Machiavelli, Niccolò Stakeholder Theory
Criminal Law Mackie, J. L. Stem Cell Research
Critical Theory Maimonides, Moses Stereotyping (19)
Cryoethics Malebranche, Nicolas Stevenson, C. L.
Cudworth, Ralph Mandeville, Bernard Stewart, Dugald
Cybersecurity (19) Manipulation Stoicism
Cyrenaics Marcel, Gabriel Strawson, P. F.
Daoist Ethics Marcuse, Herbert (17) Strict Liability
de Beauvoir, Simone Marion, Jean-Luc Suárez, Francisco
Death Marriage Subjectivism, Ethical
Declaration of Helsinki Marx, Karl Subjective Theories of Well-Being (19)
Deep Ecology Mead, George Herbert Suffering
Deleuze, Gilles Medical Futility (17) Sufficiency Principle (19)
Democracy Medical Tourism Suicide
Deontic Logic Medieval Ethics( 18) Supererogation
Deontology Mencius Supervenience, Moral
Derrida, Jacques Mercenaries and Private Military Companies Surrogacy
Desert Mercy Survivor's Guilt (18)
Desire Metaethics Sustainability
Desire Theories of the Good Metaethics and Ethics Sympathy
Deterrence Methodology in Metaethics (16) Synthetic Life Sciences
Development Ethics (19) Methods of Practical Ethics Targeted Killing (19)
Dewey, John Military Necessity Taxation (19)
Diderot, Denis Military Occupation Territorial Rights (19)
Difference Principle Mill, John Stuart Terrorism
Dilemmas, Moral (17) Minimalism about Truth, Ethics and Testimony, Moral
Dilthey, Wilhelm Miskawayh (19) Thick and Thin Concepts
Direction of Fit Modesty Thomasius, Christian
Dirty Hands (15) Montaigne, Michel de Thoreau, Henry David
Disabilities, People with Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Thought Experiments in Ethics
Disability and Well-Being (19) Moore, G. E. Time Bias (19)
Disagreement, Moral (16) Moral Absolutes Toleration
Discourse Ethics Moral Agency Torts
Discrimination Moral Certainty (18) Torture
Disease Mongering Moral Character (17) Trade Secrets
Disgust (18) Moral Development Tragedy of the Commons
Distance, Moral Relevance of Moral Expertise (18) Transformative Experiences (18)
Divine Command Moral Education Transgender Rights (19)
Doctrine of Double Effect Moral Equality of Combatants TRIPS
Doing and Allowing Moral Ignorance (18) Troeltsch, Ernst
Domestic Violence Moral Judgment Trolley Problem (15)
Dōgen (16) Moral Language, Uses of Trust
Dual Use Research Moral Luck Truth Commissions
Duns Scotus Moral Point of View Truth in Ethics
Durkheim, Emile Moral Progress (18) Twentieth Century Continental Ethics
Duties to the Dead (19) Moral Psychology Twin Earth, Moral
Duty and Obligation Moral Reasoning Umbutu Ethics (19)
Early Christian Ethics Moral Status Unity of Normativity (19)
Early Modern Ethics Morality, Definition of Universalizability
Eastern Orthodox Ethics Morally Tragic Life Usury
Ecofeminism Motherhood Utilitarianism
Ecological Restoration Motivation, Humean Theory of Vaccination Policies
Economic Sanctions Motivation, Moral Value Pluralism
Economics and Ethics Mozi Value Realism
Edwards, Jonathan (15) Multiculturalism Value, Fitting-Attitude Account of
Effective Altruism (19) Murdoch, Iris Vegetarianism and Veganism
Egalitarianism Mysticism and Ethics Veterinary Ethics
Egoism Nanotechnology, Ethics of Victimless Crimes
Embryo Research Narrative Ethics (19) Violence
Emerson, Ralph Waldo Nationalism and Patriotism Violent Sports (16)
Emotion Native American Ethics Virtue
Emotivism Natural Law Virtue Ethics
Empathy Natural Resource Ownership (19) Von Wright, G. H.
Employers and Employees Naturalism, Ethical Voting, Ethics of (19)
Employment at Will Naturalistic Fallacy Vulnerability (18)
Ends and Means (19) Nature and the Natural Wang Yangming
Engineering Ethics Needs War
Enhancement, Biomedical Negligence War and Religion
Environment and Ecology in Religions Neo-Aristotelian Ethical Naturalism War Crimes
Environmental Ethics Neuroethics Weakness of Will
Environmental Virtue Ethics Niebuhr, Reinhold Weapons Research and Development
Epistemic Injustice (19) Niebhur, Richard H. (15) Weber, Max
Epistemology, Moral Nietzsche, Friedrich Welfarism (19)
Equality (16) Nihilism Weil, Simone
Equality of Opportunity Non-Cognitivism Well-being
Error Theory Nonideal Ethics (17) Whewell, William (17)
Ethical Investment Non-Identity Problem Whistleblowing
Ethical Issues in Teaching Non-Naturalism, Ethical White-Collar Crime
Ethics in the Hebrew Bible Non-Violence in Religions Why Be Moral
Ethics of Aging Normative Ethics (19) Wilderness, Value of
Ethics of Belief Normativity William of Ockham
Ethics of Competitive Sport Nuclear Weapons Williams, Bernard
Ethnography and Ethics (17) Nudging (18) Wisdom
Eudaimonism Nursing Ethics Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Eugenics Objective Relativism Wolff, Christian
Euthanasia Objective Theories of Well-Being (19) Wollaston, William (16)
Euthyphro Dilemma Objectification (19) Wollstonecraft, Mary
Evaluative vs. Deontic Concepts Offense Work, Nature and Value of
Evil Omissions World Hunger
Evolution, Ethics and Online Journalism World Trade Organization
Ewing, A.C. Open Question Argument Worth/Dignity
Executive Compensation Opportunity for Children and the Family (17) Wrong Kind of Reasons Problem
Existentialism Oppression Wrongful Life
Experimental Ethics Organ Transplantation Xunzi
Expert Testimony, Ethics of (15) Organic Unities Zoos and Aquariums(18)
Expertise, Moral (18) Ortega y Gasset, José Zhu Xi
Explanations, Moral Ought Zhuangzi
  Ought Implies Can