Topics Currently Included in the International Encyclopedia of Ethics

New in light yellow; Revised in light green; Redone from scratch in light blue. Date in parenthesis

[The ones in yellow or green are available only online. All will be included in the Second Print Edition (2020)

Current Headwords (Topics)

A Posteriori Ethical Knowledge Fair Trade (19) Overridingness, Moral
A Priori Ethical Knowledge Faith Pacifism
Abelard, Peter Falk, W. D. Palliative Care (17)
Abortion Family Paradox of Deontology
Academic Freedom (20) Fanon, Frantz (15) Paradox of Happiness
Accounting Ethics (19) Fatherhood Paradoxes of Voting
Achievement (18) Feinberg, Joel Parents' Rights and Responsibilities
Action Feizi, Han (19) Parfit, Derek (19)
Addams, Jane Feminist Bioethics Particularism
Addiction Feminist Ethics Patents (19)
Adoption Feminist Metaethics Paternalism (15 & 20)
Adorno, Theodor W. Feminist Political Theory Patience (16)
Adultery Fetuses Pedophilia
Advance Directives (19) Fichte, Johann Gottlieb (19) Perception, Moral
Adversarial System of Justice Fictionalism, Moral Perfectionism
Advertising, Ethics of Filial Duties Perry, Ralph Barton
Aesthetics and Ethics Firth, Roderick Personal Relationships
Affirmative Action Food Ethics (19) Personhood, Criteria of
African American Religious Ethics Foot, Philippa Pharmacist Ethics
African Ethics (15) Forgiveness Phenomenology, Moral (19)
African Politial Philosophy (15) Foucault, Michel Philanthropy (19)
Agape Frankena, William K. Philosophical and Religious Ethics (20)
Age Discrimination Free Riding Plato
Agent-Centered Options Free Will Plea Bargaining (19)
Agent-Centered Restrictions Frege-Geach Objection Pleasure
Agent-Relative vs. Agent-Neutral Freud, Sigmund Plotinus
Aggregation (19) Friendship Political Correctness
Agricultural Ethics Frondizi, Risieri Political Ethics (19)
Aid, Ethics of Functionalism, Moral (19) Political Obligation
AIDS Game Theory and Rational Choice Police Ethics (19)
Al-Farabi Gandhi, Mohandas K. (15) Polyamory (16)
Alienation Gender and Patriarchy in Religions Population
Allocating Scarce Medical Resources Generalism vrs. Particularism Pornography and Obscenity
Altruism and Biology Generosity Potential Persons
Amnesty Genetic Testing Poverty (19)
Amoralist (19) Genetically Modified Organisms Power (20)
Analogical Arguments Genocide Practical Conditionals
Anarchism Geulincx, Arnold (15) Practical Reasoning
Ancient Ethics (18) Glass Ceiling Practical Virtue Ethics
Ancillary-Care Obligations Global Business Ethics Pragmatic Ethics
Anger (19) Global Distributive Justice Pragmatic Theory of Action
Animal Cognition Global Finance (19) Praise (19)
Animal Experimentation Global Health Ethics Praxis
Animal Rights Global Poverty Precautionary Principle
Animals, Moral Status of Globalization Precedent (19)
Anscombe, G.E.M. Golden Rule Predatory Pricing
Anthopocentrism Good and Bad Samaritanism Preference (20)
Apology (19) Good and Better (20) Prescriptivism
Applied Ethics Good and Good for (17) Preventive and Preemptive War
Aquinas, Saint Thomas Goodness, Varieties of Price, Richard
Arendt, Hannah Gratitude Prichard, H. A.
Aristotle Greatest Happiness Principle Pride
Arrogance Greed (18) Prima Facie and Pro Tanto Oughts
Arrow's Theorem Green, T.H. Principlism
Artificial Intelligence (19) Grief (15) Prioritarianism (18)
Aspiration (19) Grotius, Hugo Prisoner's Rights (19)
Assassination Groups, Moral Status of Privacy (20)
Association, Freedom of Guilt Privacy and the Internet (16)
Associative Duties Guise of the Good Pro Attitudes
Atonement Gun Control Procreation Ethics (19)
Attention, Moral Guo Xiang Productive Justice (19)
Attitudes, Reactive Gusdorf, Georges (19) Professional Ethics (15)
Augustine, Saint Guyau, Jean-Marie (15) Profit Motive
Austin, J. L.  Happiness Projectivism
Austin, John Hare, R. M. Promises
Authenticity Harm Propaganda
Authority Harm Principle Properties, Moral
Autonomy (20) Harrington, James (19) Proportionality (in War)
Autonomy of Ethics (19) Hart, H.L.A. (20) Prostitution (renamed "Sex Work") (17)
Ayer, A. J. Hartmann, Nicolai Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph
Bad Faith and the Unconscious Hate Speech Prudence (19)
Badiou, Alain Health and Disease in Religions Psychiatric Ethics (19)
Balguy, John Health Care Resources, Distribution of Psychopathy
Basic Income (19) Health Surveillance, Ethics of Psychopharmacology
Barth, Karl (16) Hedonism Psychosurgery (20)
Benefiting from Injustice (19) Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Public Goods
Benevolence (18) Heidegger, Martin Public Health Ethics
Bentham, Jeremy Hellenistic Ethics Public Philosophy (19)
Bergson, Henri Highest Good Public Reason
Berlin, Isaiah (15) Hindu Ethics Publicity
Bias (18) Hobbes, Thomas Pufendorf, Samuel von
Biocentrism (16) Hobhouse, L.T. (17) Punishment
Bioethics Holism (16) Quasi-Realism
Biopolitics (15) Holocaust (20) Queerness, Argument from (17 & 20)
Biopiracy Homicide Quietism
Biotechnology Homosexuality Quotidian Ethics
Birth Control (19) Honor Rabbinic Ethics
Blame Hope (19) Race, What It Is
Bloch, Ernst Hospitality (15) Racial Profiling (19)
Body (15) Human Rights and Religion Racism
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich (15) Human Subjects, Research Use of Ransom (19)
Bluffing Humanitarian Intervention Ranciére, Jacques
Boycotts Hume, David Rape
Bradley, F.H. (19) Humility (19) Rashdall, Hastings (16)
Brain Death Humor, Ethics of Rationalism in Ethics (17)
Brain Drain (18) Hunting Rationality
Brentano, Franz Husserl, Edmund (19) Rauschenbusch, Walter
Bribery and Extortion Hutcheson, Francis Rawls, John
Buber, Martin Hybrid Theories of Moral Statements Realism, Moral
Buck-Passing Accounts Hybrid Theories of Well-Being (I9) Reason and Passion
Buddhist Ethics (20) Hypocrisy (18) Reasons
Bullying (16) Ibn Bâjja (19) Reasons for Action, Morality and
Burden of Proof (16) Ideal Observer Theories Reasons, Internal and External
Burke, Edmund Idealization in Ethics Reasons, Motivating and Normative
Business Ethics Identity, Politics of Reasons: Atomism and Holism
Butler, Joseph Imagination in Ethics Reasonable Person Standard (19)
Calvin, John Immigration (19) Reciprocity
Camus, Albert (20) Impartiality Recognition
Capabilities Imperatives, Categorical and Hypothetical Reconciliation 
Capital Punishment Imperatives, Logic of (15) Reductionism in Ethics
Care Ethics Imperfect Duties (20) Reflective Equilibrium
Carritt, E.F. (16) Implicit Bias (18) Refugees (20)
Castes and Casteism (19) Incest Regret (20)
Casuistry Incommensurability (and Incomparability) Reid, Thomas
Categorical Imperative Infanticide Reification (19)
Character (20) Infectious Diseases Relational Autonomy (19)
Charity Informed Consent Relational Ethics (16)
Chastity Inheritance Relativism, Moral
Cheating Insanity Defense Religion and Global Ethics
Child Abuse and Neglect Instrumental Value Religion and Politics
Children's Rights Integrity (18) Religion, Freedom of
Citizenship Intellectual Property (19) Religious Saints
Civic Friendship Intellectual Virtue (18) Reparations (20)
Civic Virtue Intention Reproductive Technology
Civil Disobedience Intentionality Repugnant Conclusion
Civil Rights (20) Intergenerational Ethics (16) Research Ethics (18)
Civilian Immunity Internalism, Motivational Respect (20)
Civility (19) International Bill of Rights Response-Dependent Theories
Clarke, Samuel (19) International Criminal Justice (19) Responsibility (18)
Climate Change International Relations (16 & 20) Responsibility, Continental Perspectives on (15)
Cloning International Research Ethics Responsibility for Structural Global Injustice (18)
Codes of Ethics (19) Internet Ethics Retribution
Coercion Intersubjectivity (20) Ricoeur, Paul (19)
Coercive Wage Offers Intimidation (16) Rights (18)
Cognitivism Intransitivity Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Cohen, G.A (18) Intrinsic Value Ring of Gyges
Cohen, Hermann Intuitionism, Moral Risk (19)
Coherentism, Moral Intuitions, Moral Robotics (19)
Collateral Consequences of Conviction (19) Islamic Ethics Rorty, Richard
Collateral Damage Is-Ought Gap Ross, W. D.
Collective Responsibility Jain Ethics Rousseau, Jean-Jacques
Colonialism and Post-Colonialism James, William (16) Rules, Standards, and Principles
Commitment Jankélévitch, Vladimir (15) [revised: 2020] Russell, Bertrand
Commodification (19) Jaspers, Karl Same-Sex Marriage
Common Good Jefferson, Thomas Sartre, Jean-Paul
Communitarianism Journalistic Ethics (15) Satisficing
Companion Animals (15) Journalistic Objectivity (15) Savior Siblings
Companions in Guilt Strategy (17 & 20) Just Cause (in War) (19) Scarcity (17)
Comparable Worth Just Price Scheler, Max
Comparative Religious Ethics Just War Theory, History of Schelling, Fredrich
Compensatory Justice Justice (17) Schleiermacher, Fredrich
Competitive Sports, Ethics of (20) Juvenile Justice (17) Schopenhauer, Arthur
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (18) Kant, Immanuel Secession
Complicity (17) Kantian Business Ethics (19) Self-Deception
Compromise Kantian Practical Ethics (20) Self-Defense
Computer Ethics (20) Kelsen, Hans Self-plagiarism (19)
Concepts vs. Properties, Moral Kierkegaard, Søren(16) Self-Respect and Self-Esteem
Condorcet (15) Killing Semantics, Moral
Condorcet's Jury Theorem (20) King Jr., Martin Luther Sensibility Theory
Confidentiality Laozi Sentience, Moral Relevance of
Conflict of Interest Las Casas, Bartolome de (18) Sentimentalism
Confucian Ethics Last Person Arguments Sentiments, Moral
Confucius Late Modern British Ethics (17 & 20) Sex Work (formerly "Prostitution") (17)
Conjoined Twins (17) Late Modern Continental Sexual Consent
Conscience Partial- and After-Birth Abortion (16) Sexual Equality
Conscience and Professionals Latin American Ethics (20) Sexual Harassment
Conscientious Objection Leadership Ethics (17) Sexual Morality
Consent Leaking (19) Sexuality in Religions
Consequentialism Legal Ethics Shaftesbury, Third Earl of
Conservation Biology Legal Moralism (17) Shame and Honor
Constructivism, Moral Levinas, Emmanuel Sidgwick, Henry (17 & 20)
Constitutivism, Moral (20) Liberalism (18) Sin, Concepts of
Consumption, Ethics of (15) Liberation Theology and Ethics Situationism (17)
Contextualism in Ethics (17) Libertarianism Siting (20)
Continental Feminist Ethics Liberty Skepticism, Moral
Contractualism Life, Meaning of (20) Slavery
Corporal Punishment Life, Value of Slippery Slope Arguments
Corporate Culture Literature and Ethics (20) Slurs (19)
Corporate Governance Locke, John Smith, Adam (19)
Corporate Social Responsibility Long-Term Care Social Contract (15 & 20)
Corruption (19) Lookism (17) Socrates
Cosmopolitanism (17) Love (20) Solidarity
Cost-Benefit Analysis (19) Loyalty Sophists
Courage Luther, Martin Species, the Value of
Crimes Against Humanity Lying and Deceit Speech, Freedom of
Criminal Attempts (19) Machiavelli, Niccolò Spencer, Herbert
Criminal Justice Ethics Mackie, J. L. Spinoza, Baruch
Criminal Law Maimonides, Moses Stakeholder Theory
Critical Theory Malebranche, Nicolas Stem Cell Research
Cryoethics Mandeville, Bernard Stereotyping (19)
Cudworth, Ralph Manipulation Stevenson, C. L.
Cybersecurity (19) Marcel, Gabriel Stewart, Dugald
Cyrenaics (20) Marcuse, Herbert (17) Stoicism
Daoist Ethics Marion, Jean-Luc Strawson, P. F.
de Beauvoir, Simone Maritain, Jacques (19) Strict Liability
Death Marriage Suárez, Francisco
Declaration of Helsinki (19) Marx, Karl Subjectivism, Ethical
Deep Ecology (20) Mead, George Herbert Subjective Theories of Well-Being (19)
Deleuze, Gilles Media Ethics (19) Suffering
Democracy Medical Futility (17) Sufficiency Principle (19)
Deontic Logic (20) Medical Tourism Suicide
Deontology Medieval Ethics (18) Supererogation
Derrida, Jacques Mencius Supervenience, Moral
Desert Mercenaries and Private Military Companies Surrogacy (20)
Desire Mercy Survivor's Guilt (18)
Desire Theories of the Good (19) Metaethics Sustainability
Deterrence (19) Metaethics and Ethics Sympathy
Development Ethics (19) Methodology in Metaethics (16) Synthetic Life Sciences
Dewey, John Methods of Practical Ethics Targeted Killing (19)
Diderot, Denis Military Necessity Taxation (19)
Difference Principle Military Occupation Territorial Rights (19)
Dilemmas, Moral (17) Mill, John Stuart Terrorism
Dilthey, Wilhelm Minimalism about Truth, Ethics and Testimony, Moral (20)
Direction of Fit Miskawayh (19) Thick and Thin Concepts (19)
Dirty Hands (15) Modesty (19) Thomasius, Christian
Disabilities, People with Montaigne, Michel de Thoreau, Henry David
Disability and Well-Being (19) Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Thought Experiments in Ethics (19)
Disagreement, Moral (16) Moore, G. E. Time Bias (19)
Discourse Ethics Moral Absolutes Toleration
Discrimination Moral Agency Torts
Disease Mongering Moral Certainty (18) Torture
Disgust (18) Moral Character (17) Trade Secrets (19)
Distance, Moral Relevance of Moral Development Tragedy of the Commons
Divine Command Moral Expertise (18) Transformative Experiences (18)
Doctrine of Double Effect Moral Education Transgender Rights (19)
Doing and Allowing Moral Equality of Combatants TRIPS (20)
Domestic Violence Moral Ignorance (18) Troeltsch, Ernst
Dōgen (16) Moral Judgment Trolley Problem (15)
Dual Use Research Moral Language, Uses of Trust (20)
Duns Scotus Moral Luck Truth Commissions
Durkheim, Emile Moral Point of View (19) Truth in Ethics
Duties to the Dead (19) Moral Progress (18) Twentieth Century Continental Ethics
Duty and Obligation Moral Psychology Twin Earth, Moral
Early Christian Ethics Moral Reasoning Umbutu Ethics (19)
Early Modern Ethics (20) Moral Status Unity of Normativity (19)
Eastern Orthodox Ethics Morality, Definition of Universalizability
Ecofeminism Morally Tragic Life Usury
Ecological Restoration Motherhood Utilitarianism
Economic Sanctions Motivation, Humean Theory of Vaccination Policies
Economics and Ethics Motivation, Moral Value Pluralism
Edwards, Jonathan (15) [revised: 2020] Mozi Value Realism
Effective Altruism (19) Multiculturalism Value, Fitting-Attitude Account of (19)
Egalitarianism Murdoch, Iris (19) Vegetarianism and Veganism
Egoism Mysticism and Ethics Veterinary Ethics (19)
Embryo Research Nanotechnology, Ethics of (20) Victimless Crimes
Emerson, Ralph Waldo Narcissism (19) Violence
Emotion Narrative Ethics (19) Violent Sports (16)
Emotivism Nationalism and Patriotism Virtue
Empathy (20) Native American Ethics Virtue Ethics
Employers and Employees Natural Law Von Wright, G. H.
Employment at Will Natural Resource Ownership (19) Voting, Ethics of (19)
Ends and Means (19) Naturalism, Ethical Vulnerability (18)
Engineering Ethics Naturalistic Fallacy Wang Yangming
Enhancement, Biomedical Nature and the Natural War
Environment and Ecology in Religions Needs War and Religion
Environmental Ethics Negligence War Crimes (19)
Environmental Virtue Ethics Neo-Aristotelian Ethical Naturalism Weakness of Will
Epistemic Injustice (19) Neuroethics Weapons Research and Development
Epistemology, Moral Niebuhr, Reinhold Weber, Max
Equality (16) Niebhur, Richard H. (15) Welfarism (19)
Equality of Opportunity Nietzsche, Friedrich Weil, Simone
Error Theory Nihilism Well-being
Ethical Investment Non-Cognitivism Whewell, William (17 & 20)
Ethical Issues in Teaching Nonideal Ethics (17) Whistleblowing (19)
Ethics in the Hebrew Bible Non-Identity Problem White-Collar Crime
Ethics of Aging Non-Naturalism, Ethical Why Be Moral
Ethics of Belief Nonviolence in Religions (19) Wilderness, Value of
Ethics of Competitive Sport Normative Ethics (19) William of Ockham
Ethnography and Ethics (17) Normativity Williams, Bernard
Eudaimonism Nuclear Weapons Wisdom
Eugenics Nudging (18) Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Euthanasia (19) Nursing Ethics Wolff, Christian
Euthyphro Dilemma Objective Relativism Wollaston, William (16)
Evaluative vs. Deontic Concepts Objective Theories of Well-Being (19) Wollstonecraft, Mary
Evil (19) Objectification (19) Work, Nature and Value of
Evolution, Ethics and Offense World Hunger
Ewing, A.C. Omissions (18) World Trade Organization
Executive Compensation Online Journalism Worth/Dignity
Existentialism Open Question Argument Wrong Kind of Reasons Problem
Experimental Ethics Opportunity for Children and the Family (17) Wrongful Life
Expert Testimony, Ethics of (15 & 19) Oppression Xunzi
Expertise, Moral (18) Organ Transplantation Zoos and Aquariums (18)
Explanations, Moral Organic Unities Zhu Xi
Exploitation Ortega y Gasset, José (19) Zhuangzi
Externalism, Motivational Ought  
Fact-Value Distinction Ought Implies Can