Topics Currently Included in the International Encyclopedia of Ethics

New in light yellow; Revised in light green; Redone from scratch in light blue. Date in parenthesis

[The ones in yellow or green are available only online. All will be included in the Second Print Edition (2021)


Current Headwords (Topics)

A Posteriori Ethical Knowledge Explanations, Moral Oppression
A Priori Ethical Knowledge Exploitation Organ Transplantation
Abelard, Peter Externalism, Motivational Organic Unities
Abortion Fact-Value Distinction Ortega y Gasset, José
Academic Freedom Faith Ought
Accounting Ethics Falk, W. D. Ought Implies Can
Achievement (18) Family Overcriminalization
Action Fanon, Frantz (15) Overridingness, Moral
Addams, Jane Fatherhood Pacifism
Addiction Feinberg, Joel Palliative Care (17)
Adoption Feminist Bioethics Paradox of Deontology
Adorno, Theodor W. Feminist Ethics Paradox of Happiness
Adultery Feminist Metaethics Paradoxes of Voting
Advance Directives Feminist Political Theory Parents' Rights and Responsibilities
Adversarial System of Justice Fetuses Particularism
Advertising, Ethics of Fichte, Johann Gottlieb Patents
Aesthetics and Ethics Fictionalism, Moral Paternalism (15)
Affirmative Action Filial Duties Patience (16)
African American Religious Ethics Firth, Roderick Pedophilia
African Ethics (15) Foot, Philippa Perception, Moral
African Politial Philosophy (15) Forgiveness Perfectionism
Agape Foucault, Michel Perry, Ralph Barton
Age Discrimination Frankena, William K. Personal Relationships
Agent-Centered Options Free Riding Personhood, Criteria of
Agent-Centered Restrictions Free Will Pharmacist Ethics
Agent-Relative vs. Agent-Neutral Frege-Geach Objection Phenomenology, Moral
Agricultural Ethics Freud, Sigmund Plato
Aid, Ethics of Friendship Plea Bargaining
AIDS Frondizi, Risieri Pleasure
Al-Farabi Functionalism, Moral Plotinus
Alienation Gadamer, Hans-Georg Police Ethics
Altruism (18) Game Theory and Rational Choice Political Correctness
Allocating Scarce Medical Resources Gandhi, Mohandas K. (15) Political Ethics
Altruism and Biology Gender and Patriarchy in Religions Political Obligation
Amnesty Generalism vrs. Particularism Polyamory (16)
Amoralist Generosity Population
Analogical Arguments Genetic Testing Pornography and Obscenity
Anarchism Genetically Modified Organisms Potential Persons
Ancient Ethics (17) Genocide Power
Ancillary-Care Obligations Geulincx, Arnold (15) Practical Conditionals
Animal Cognition Glass Ceiling Practical Reasoning
Animal Experimentation Global Business Ethics Practical Virtue Ethics
Animal Rights Global Distributive Justice Pragmatic Ethics
Animals, Moral Status of Global Health Ethics Pragmatic Theory of Action
Anscombe, G.E.M. Global Poverty Praxis
Anthopocentrism Globalization Precautionary Principle
Applied Ethics Golden Rule Precedent (19)
Aquinas, Saint Thomas Good and Bad Samaritanism Predatory Pricing
Arendt, Hannah Good and Better Preference
Aristotle Good and Good for (17) Prescriptivism
Arrogance Goodness, Varieties of Preventive and Preemptive War
Arrow's Theorem Gratitude Price, Richard
Assassination Greatest Happiness Principle Prichard, H. A.
Association, Freedom of Greed (18) Pride
Associative Duties Green, T.H. Prima Facie and Pro Tanto Oughts
Atonement Grief (15) Principlism
Attention, Moral Grotius, Hugo Prioritarianism
Attitudes, Reactive Groups, Moral Status of Privacy
Augustine, Saint Guilt Privacy and the Internet (16)
Austin, J. L.  Guise of the Good Pro Attitudes
Austin, John Gun Control Professional Ethics (15)
Authenticity Guo Xiang Profit Motive
Authority Guyau, Jean-Marie (15) Projectivism
Autonomy Happiness Promises
Autonomy of Ethics Hare, R. M. Propaganda
Ayer, A. J. Harm Properties, Moral
Bad Faith and the Unconscious Harm Principle Proportionality (in War)
Badiou, Alain Harrington, James Prostitution (renamed "Sex Work") (17)
Balguy, John Hart, H.L.A. Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph
Barth, Karl (16) Hartmann, Nicolai Prudence
Benevolence (18) Hate Speech Psychiatric Ethics
Bentham, Jeremy Health and Disease in Religions Psychopathy
Bergson, Henri Health Care Resources, Distribution of Psychopharmacology
Berlin, Isaiah (15) Health Surveillance, Ethics of Psychosurgery
Bias (18) Hedonism Public Goods
Biocentrism (16) Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Public Health Ethics
Bioethics Heidegger, Martin Public Reason
Biopolitics (15) Hellenistic Ethics Publicity
Biopiracy Highest Good Pufendorf, Samuel von
Biotechnology Hindu Ethics Punishment
Birth Control Hobbes, Thomas Quasi-Realism
Blame Hobhouse, L.T. (17) Queerness, Argument from (17)
Bloch, Ernst Holism (16) Quietism
Body (15) Holocaust Quotidian Ethics
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich (15) Homicide Rabbinic Ethics
Bluffing Homosexuality Race, What It Is
Boycotts Honor Racism
Bradley, F.H. Hospitality (15) Ranciére, Jacques
Brain Death Human Rights and Religion Rape
Brain Drain (18) Human Subjects, Research Use of Rashdall, Hastings (16)
Brentano, Franz Humanitarian Intervention Rationalism in Ethics (17)
Bribery and Extortion Hume, David Rationality
Buber, Martin Humor, Ethics of Rauschenbusch, Walter
Buck-Passing Accounts Hunting Rawls, John
Buddhist Ethics Husserl, Edmund Realism, Moral
Bullying (16) Hutcheson, Francis Reason and Passion
Burden of Proof (16) Hybrid Theories of Moral Statements Reasons
Burke, Edmund Hypocrisy (18) Reasons for Action, Morality and
Business Ethics Ibn Bâjja (19) Reasons, Internal and External
Butler, Joseph Ideal Observer Theories Reasons, Motivating and Normative
Calvin, John Idealization in Ethics Reasons: Atomism and Holism
Camus, Albert Identity, Politics of Reciprocity
Capabilities Imagination in Ethics Recognition
Capital Punishment Immigration (19) Reconciliation 
Care Ethics Impartiality Reductionism in Ethics
Carritt, E.F. (16) Imperatives, Categorical and Hypothetical Reflective Equilibrium
Casuistry Imperatives, Logic of (15) Refugees (20)
Categorical Imperative Imperfect Duties Regret
Character Implicit Bias (18) Reid, Thomas
Charity Incest Relational Ethics (16)
Chastity Incommensurability (and Incomparability) Relativism, Moral
Cheating Infanticide Religion and Global Ethics
Child Abuse and Neglect Infectious Diseases Religion and Politics
Children's Rights Informed Consent Religion, Freedom of
Citizenship Inheritance Religious and Philosophical Ethics (18)
Civic Friendship Insanity Defense Religious Saints
Civic Virtue Instrumental Value Reparations
Civil Disobedience Integrity (18) Reproductive Technology
Civil Rights Intellectual Property Repugnant Conclusion
Civilian Immunity Intellectual Virtue (18) Research Ethics
Clarke, Samuel (17) Intention Respect
Climate Change Intentionality Response-Dependent Theories
Cloning Intergenerational Ethics (16) Responsibility (18)
Codes of Ethics Internalism, Motivational Responsibility, Continental Perspectives on (15)
Coercion International Bill of Rights Retribution
Coercive Wage Offers International Criminal Justice Ricoeur, Paul
Cognitivism International Relations (16) Rights (17)
Cohen, G.A (18) International Research Ethics Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Cohen, Hermann Internet Ethics Ring of Gyges
Coherentism, Moral Intersubjectivity Risk
Collateral Damage Intimidation (16) Rorty, Richard
Collective Responsibility Intransitivity Ross, W. D.
Colonialism and Post-Colonialism Intrinsic Value Rousseau, Jean-Jacques
Commitment Intuitionism, Moral Rules, Standards, and Principles
Commodification Intuitions, Moral Russell, Bertrand
Common Good Islamic Ethics Same-Sex Marriage
Communitarianism Is-Ought Gap Sartre, Jean-Paul
Companion Animals (15) Jain Ethics Satisficing
Companions in Guilt Strategy (17) James, William (16) Savior Siblings
Comparable Worth Jankélévitch, Vladimir (15) Scarcity (17)
Comparative Religious Ethics Jaspers, Karl Scheler, Max
Compensatory Justice Jefferson, Thomas Schelling, Fredrich
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (18) Journalistic Ethics (15) Schleiermacher, Fredrich
Complicity (17) Journalistic Objectivity (15) Schopenhauer, Arthur
Compromise Just Cause (in War) Secession
Computer Ethics Just Price Self-Deception
Concepts vs. Properties, Moral Just War Theory, History of Self-Defense
Condorcet (15) Justice (17) Self-Respect and Self-Esteem
Condorcet's Jury Theorem Juvenile Justice (17) Semantics, Moral
Confidentiality Kant, Immanuel Sensibility Theory
Conflict of Interest Kantian Practical Ethics Sentience, Moral Relevance of
Confucian Ethics Kelsen, Hans Sentimentalism
Confucius Kierkegaard, Søren(16) Sentiments, Moral
Conjoined Twins (17) Killing Sex Work (formerly "Prostitution") (17)
Conscience King Jr., Martin Luther  Sexual Consent
Conscience and Professionals Laozi Sexual Equality
Conscientious Objection Las Casas, Bartolome de (18) Sexual Harassment
Consent Last Person Arguments Sexual Morality
Consequentialism Late Modern British Ethics (17) Sexuality in Religions
Conservation Biology Late Modern Continental Shaftesbury, Third Earl of
Constructivism, Moral Partial- and After-Birth Abortion (16) Shame and Honor
Constitutivism, Moral (17) Latin American Ethics Sidgwick, Henry (17)
Consumption, Ethics of (15) Leadership Ethics (17) Sin, Concepts of
Contextualism in Ethics (17) Legal Ethics Situationism (17)
Continental Feminist Ethics Legal Moralism (17) Siting
Contractualism Levinas, Emmanuel Skepticism, Moral
Corporal Punishment Liberalism (18) Slavery
Corporate Culture Liberation Theology and Ethics Slippery Slope Arguments
Corporate Governance Libertarianism Smith, Adam (17)
Corporate Social Responsibility Liberty Social Contract (15)
Corruption Life, Meaning of Socrates
Cosmopolitanism (17) Life, Value of Solidarity
Cost-Benefit Analysis Literature and Ethics Sophists
Courage Locke, John Species, the Value of
Crimes Against Humanity Long-Term Care Speech, Freedom of
Criminal Attempts Lookism (17) Spencer, Herbert
Criminal Justice Ethics Love Spinoza, Baruch
Criminal Law Loyalty Stakeholder Theory
Critical Theory Luther, Martin Stem Cell Research
Cryoethics Lying and Deceit Stevenson, C. L.
Cudworth, Ralph Machiavelli, Niccolò Stewart, Dugald
Cyrenaics Mackie, J. L. Stoicism
Daoist Ethics Maimonides, Moses Strawson, P. F.
de Beauvoir, Simone Malebranche, Nicolas Strict Liability
Death Mandeville, Bernard Suárez, Francisco
Declaration of Helsinki Manipulation Subjectivism, Ethical
Deep Ecology Marcel, Gabriel Suffering
Deleuze, Gilles Marcuse, Herbert (17) Suicide
Democracy Marion, Jean-Luc Supererogation
Deontic Logic Marriage Supervenience, Moral
Deontology Marx, Karl Surrogacy
Derrida, Jacques Mead, George Herbert Survivor's Guilt (18)
Desert Medical Futility (17) Sustainability
Desire Medical Tourism Sympathy
Desire Theories of the Good Medieval Ethics( 18) Synthetic Life Sciences
Deterrence Mencius Targeted Killing (19)
Dewey, John Mercenaries and Private Military Companies Territorial Rights (19)
Diderot, Denis Mercy Terrorism
Difference Principle Metaethics Testimony, Moral
Dilemmas, Moral (17) Metaethics and Ethics Thick and Thin Concepts
Dilthey, Wilhelm Methodology in Metaethics (16) Thomasius, Christian
Direction of Fit Methods of Practical Ethics Thoreau, Henry David
Dirty Hands (15) Military Necessity Thought Experiments in Ethics
Disabilities, People with Military Occupation Toleration
Disagreement, Moral (16) Mill, John Stuart Torts
Discourse Ethics Minimalism about Truth, Ethics and Torture
Discrimination Miskawayh (19) Trade Secrets
Disease Mongering Modesty Tragedy of the Commons
Disgust (17) Montaigne, Michel de TRIPS
Distance, Moral Relevance of Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Troeltsch, Ernst
Divine Command Moore, G. E. Trolley Problem (15)
Doctrine of Double Effect Moral Absolutes Trust
Doing and Allowing Moral Agency Truth Commissions
Domestic Violence Moral Certainty (18) Truth in Ethics
Dōgen (16) Moral Character (17) Twentieth Century Continental Ethics
Dual Use Research Moral Development Twin Earth, Moral
Duns Scotus Moral Education Universalizability
Durkheim, Emile Moral Equality of Combatants Usury
Duty and Obligation Moral Ignorance (18) Utilitarianism
Early Christian Ethics Moral Judgment Vaccination Policies
Early Modern Ethics Moral Language, Uses of Value Pluralism
Eastern Orthodox Ethics Moral Luck Value Realism
Ecofeminism Moral Point of View Value, Fitting-Attitude Account of
Ecological Restoration Moral Progress (18) Vegetarianism and Veganism
Economic Sanctions Moral Psychology Veterinary Ethics
Economics and Ethics Moral Reasoning Victimless Crimes
Edwards, Jonathan (15) Moral Status Violence
Egalitarianism Morality, Definition of Virtue
Egoism Morally Tragic Life Virtue Ethics
Embryo Research Motherhood Von Wright, G. H.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo Motivation, Humean Theory of Vulnerability (18)
Emotion Motivation, Moral Wang Yangming
Emotivism Mozi War
Empathy Multiculturalism War and Religion
Employers and Employees Murdoch, Iris War Crimes
Employment at Will Mysticism and Ethics Weakness of Will
Ends and Means (19) Nanotechnology, Ethics of Weapons Research and Development
Engineering Ethics Nationalism and Patriotism Weber, Max
Enhancement, Biomedical Native American Ethics Weil, Simone
Environment and Ecology in Religions Natural Law Well-being
Environmental Ethics Naturalism, Ethical Whewell, William (17)
Environmental Virtue Ethics Naturalistic Fallacy Whistleblowing
Epistemology, Moral Nature and the Natural White-Collar Crime
Equality (16) Needs Why Be Moral
Equality of Opportunity Negligence Wilderness, Value of
Error Theory Neo-Aristotelian Ethical Naturalism William of Ockham
Ethical Investment Neuroethics Williams, Bernard
Ethical Issues in Teaching Niebuhr, Reinhold Wisdom
Ethics in the Hebrew Bible Niebhur, Richard H. (15) Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Ethics of Aging Nietzsche, Friedrich Wolff, Christian
Ethics of Belief Nihilism Wollaston, William (16)
Ethics of Competitive Sport Non-Cognitivism Wollstonecraft, Mary
Ethnography and Ethics (17) Nonideal Ethics (17) Work, Nature and Value of
Eudaimonism Non-Identity Problem World Hunger
Eugenics Non-Naturalism, Ethical World Trade Organization
Euthanasia Non-Violence in Religions Worth/Dignity
Euthyphro Dilemma Normativity Wrong Kind of Reasons Problem
Evaluative vs. Deontic Concepts Nuclear Weapons Wrongful Life
Evil Nudging (18) Xunzi
Evolution, Ethics and Nursing Ethics Zoos (18)
Ewing, A.C. Objective Relativism Zhu Xi
Executive Compensation Offense Zhuangzi
Existentialism Omissions  
Experimental Ethics Online Journalism  
Expert Testimony, Ethics of (15) Open Question Argument  
Expertise, Moral (18) Opportunity for Children and the Family (17)