Topics Currently Included in the International Encyclopedia of Ethics

New in light yellow; Revised in light green; Redone from scratch in light blue. Date in parenthesis

[The ones in yellow or green are available only online. All will be included in the Second Print Edition (2020)


Current Headwords (Topics)

A Posteriori Ethical Knowledge Faith Overcriminalization (20)
A Priori Ethical Knowledge Falk, W. D. Overridingness, Moral
Abelard, Peter Family Pacifism
Abortion Fanon, Frantz (15) Palliative Care (17)
Academic Freedom (20) Fatherhood Paradox of Deontology
Accounting Ethics (19) Feinberg, Joel Paradox of Happiness
Achievement (18) Feizi, Han (19) Paradoxes of Voting
Action Feminist Bioethics Parents' Rights and Responsibilities
Addams, Jane Feminist Ethics (19) Parfit, Derek (19)
Addiction (19) Feminist Metaethics Particularism
Adoption Feminist Political Theory Patents (19)
Adorno, Theodor W. Fetuses Paternalism (15 & 20)
Adultery Fichte, Johann Gottlieb (19) Patience (16) [revised 2020]
Advance Directives (19) Fictionalism, Moral Pedophilia
Adversarial System of Justice Filial Duties Perception, Moral
Advertising, Ethics of Firth, Roderick Perfectionism
Aesthetics and Ethics Food Ethics (19) Perry, Ralph Barton
Affirmative Action Foot, Philippa Personal Ideals (19)
African American Religious Ethics Forgiveness Personal Relationships
African Ethics (15) Foucault, Michel Personhood, Criteria of
African Politial Philosophy (15) Frankena, William K. Pharmacist Ethics
Agape Free Riding Phenomenology, Moral (19)
Age Discrimination Free Will Philanthropy (19)
Agent-Centered Options Frege-Geach Objection Philosophical and Religious Ethics (20)
Agent-Centered Restrictions Freud, Sigmund Plato
Agent-Relative vs. Agent-Neutral Friendship Plea Bargaining (19)
Aggregation (19) Frondizi, Risieri Pleasure
Agricultural Ethics Functionalism, Moral (19) Plotinus (20)
Aid, Ethics of Game Theory and Rational Choice Political Correctness
AIDS (renamed "HIV / AIDS") (19) Gandhi, Mohandas K. (15) Political Ethics (19)
Al-Farabi Gender and Patriarchy in Religions Political Obligation
Alienation (20) Generalism vrs. Particularism Police Ethics (19)
Allocating Scarce Medical Resources Generosity (19) Polyamory (16)
Altruism and Biology Genetic Testing Population (20)
Amnesty (19) Genetically Modified Organisms Pornography and Obscenity
Amoralist (19) Genocide Potential Persons
Analogical Arguments Geulincx, Arnold (15) Poverty (19)
Anarchism (20) Glass Ceiling (19) Power (20)
Ancient Ethics (18) Global Business Ethics Practical Conditionals
Ancillary-Care Obligations Global Distributive Justice Practical Reasoning
Anger (19) Global Finance (19) Practical Virtue Ethics
Animal Cognition Global Health Ethics Pragmatic Ethics
Animal Experimentation Global Poverty Pragmatic Theory of Action
Animal Rights Globalization Praise (19)
Animals, Moral Status of Golden Rule Praxis
Anscombe, G.E.M. Good and Bad Samaritanism Precautionary Principle (20)
Anthopocentrism Good and Better (20) Precedent (19)
Apology (19) Good and Good for (17) Predatory Pricing
Applied Ethics Goodness, Varieties of Preference (20)
Aquinas, Saint Thomas Gratitude Prescriptivism
Arendt, Hannah Greatest Happiness Principle Preventive and Preemptive War
Aristotle (20) Greed (18) Price, Richard
Arrogance (19) Green, T.H. Prichard, H. A.
Arrow's Theorem Grief (15) Pride
Artificial Intelligence (19) Grotius, Hugo Prima Facie and Pro Tanto Oughts
Aspiration (19) Groups, Moral Status of Principlism
Assassination (19) Guilt Prioritarianism (18)
Association, Freedom of Guise of the Good Prisoner's Rights (19)
Associative Duties Gun Control (20) Privacy (20)
Atonement Guo Xiang Privacy and the Internet (16)
Attention, Moral Gusdorf, Georges (19) Pro Attitudes
Attitudes, Reactive Guyau, Jean-Marie (15) Procreation Ethics (19)
Augustine, Saint Happiness Productive Justice (19)
Austin, J. L. (20) Hare, R. M. Professional Ethics (15)
Austin, John Harm Profit Motive
Authenticity Harm Principle Projectivism
Authority Harrington, James (19) Promises
Autonomy (20) Hart, H.L.A. (18) Propaganda
Autonomy of Ethics (19) Hartmann, Nicolai Properties, Moral
Ayer, A. J. Hate Speech (20) Proportionality (in War)
Bad Faith and the Unconscious (19) Health and Disease in Religions Prostitution (renamed "Sex Work") (17)
Badiou, Alain Health Care Resources, Distribution of Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph
Balguy, John Health Surveillance, Ethics of Prudence (19)
Basic Income (19) Hedonism Psychiatric Ethics (19)
Barth, Karl (16) Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Psychopathy
Benefiting from Injustice (19) Heidegger, Martin Psychopharmacology
Benevolence (18) Hellenistic Ethics Psychosurgery (20)
Bentham, Jeremy Highest Good Public Goods
Bergson, Henri Hindu Ethics Public Health Ethics
Berlin, Isaiah (15) HIV / AIDS (19) [renamed from AIDS] Public Philosophy (19)
Bias (18) Hobbes, Thomas Public Reason
Biocentrism (16) Hobhouse, L.T. (17) Publicity (19)
Bioethics Holism (16) Pufendorf, Samuel von
Biopolitics (15) Holocaust (20) Punishment
Biopiracy Homicide Quasi-Realism
Biotechnology (19) Homosexuality Queerness, Argument from (17 & 20)
Birth Control (19) Honor Quietism
Blame Hope (19) Quotidian Ethics
Bloch, Ernst Hospitality (15) Rabbinic Ethics
Body (15) Human Rights and Religion (20) Race, What It Is
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich (15) Human Subjects, Research Use of Racial Profiling (19)
Bluffing Humanitarian Intervention Racism
Boycotts Hume, David (20) Ransom (19)
Bradley, F.H. (19) Humility (19) Ranciére, Jacques
Brain Death Humor, Ethics of Rape (19)
Brain Drain (18) Hunting Rashdall, Hastings (16)
Brentano, Franz Husserl, Edmund (19) Rationalism in Ethics (17)
Bribery and Extortion Hutcheson, Francis Rationality
Buber, Martin Hybrid Theories of Moral Statements Rauschenbusch, Walter
Buck-Passing Accounts (19) Hybrid Theories of Well-Being (I9) Rawls, John
Buddhist Ethics (20) Hypocrisy (18) Realism, Moral
Bullying (16) Ibn Bâjja (19) Reason and Passion
Burden of Proof (16) Ideal Observer Theories Reasons
Burke, Edmund Idealization in Ethics Reasons for Action, Morality and
Business Ethics Identity, Politics of Reasons, Internal and External
Butler, Joseph Imagination in Ethics Reasons, Motivating and Normative
Calvin, John Immigration (19) Reasons: Atomism and Holism
Camus, Albert (20) Impartiality Reasonable Person Standard (19)
Capabilities Imperatives, Categorical and Hypothetical Reciprocity
Capital Punishment Imperatives, Logic of (15) Recognition
Care Ethics Imperfect Duties (20) Reconciliation (19)
Carritt, E.F. (16) Implicit Bias (18) Reductionism in Ethics
Castes and Casteism (19) Incest Reflective Equilibrium
Casuistry Incommensurability (and Incomparability) Refugees (20)
Categorical Imperative (19) Infanticide Regret (20)
Character (20) Infectious Diseases Reid, Thomas
Charity Informed Consent Reification (19)
Chastity Inheritance Relational Autonomy (19)
Cheating Insanity Defense (19) Relational Ethics (16)
Child Abuse and Neglect (19) Instrumental Value Relativism, Moral
Children's Rights (19) Integrity (18) Religion and Global Ethics
Citizenship Intellectual Property (19) Religion and Politics (20)
Civic Friendship Intellectual Virtue (18) Religion, Freedom of (19)
Civic Virtue Intention Religious Saints
Civil Disobedience Intentionality Reparations (20)
Civil Rights (20) Intergenerational Ethics (16) Reproductive Technology (20)
Civilian Immunity Internalism, Motivational Repugnant Conclusion
Civility (19) International Bill of Rights (19) Research Ethics (18)
Clarke, Samuel (19) International Criminal Justice (19) Respect (20)
Climate Change International Relations (16 & 20) Response-Dependent Theories
Cloning International Research Ethics Responsibility (18)
Codes of Ethics (19) Internet Ethics Responsibility, Continental Perspectives on (15)
Coercion (19) Intersubjectivity (20) Responsibility for Structural Injustice (18)
Coercive Wage Offers Intimidation (16) Retribution
Cognitivism Intransitivity Ricoeur, Paul (19)
Cohen, G.A (18) Intrinsic Value Rights (18)
Cohen, Hermann Intuitionism, Moral Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Coherentism, Moral Intuitions, Moral Ring of Gyges
Collateral Consequences of Conviction (19) Islamic Ethics Risk (19)
Collateral Damage (20) Is-Ought Gap Robotics (19)
Collective Responsibility Jain Ethics Rorty, Richard
Colonialism and Post-Colonialism James, William (16) Rosemont, Henry, Jr. (20)
Commitment Jankélévitch, Vladimir (15) [revised: 2020] Ross, W. D.
Commodification (19) Jaspers, Karl Rousseau, Jean-Jacques
Common Good (20) Jefferson, Thomas Rules, Standards, and Principles
Communitarianism Journalistic Ethics (15) Russell, Bertrand
Companion Animals (15) Journalistic Objectivity (15) Same-Sex Marriage
Companions in Guilt Strategy (17 & 20) Just Cause (in War) (19) Sartre, Jean-Paul
Comparable Worth Just Price Satisficing
Comparative Religious Ethics Just War Theory, History of Savior Siblings
Compensatory Justice Justice (17) Scarcity (17)
Competitive Sports, Ethics of (20) Juvenile Justice (17) Scheler, Max
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (18) Kant, Immanuel Schelling, Fredrich
Complicity (17) Kantian Business Ethics (19) Schleiermacher, Fredrich
Compromise Kantian Practical Ethics (20) Schopenhauer, Arthur
Computer Ethics (20) Kelsen, Hans (19) Secession
Concepts vs. Properties, Moral Kierkegaard, Søren(16) Self-Deception
Condorcet (15) Killing Self-Defense
Condorcet's Jury Theorem (20) King Jr., Martin Luther Self-plagiarism (19)
Confidentiality Laozi Self-Respect and Self-Esteem (19)
Conflict of Interest Las Casas, Bartolome de (18) Semantics, Moral
Confucian Ethics Last Person Arguments Sensibility Theory
Confucius Late Modern British Ethics (17 & 20) Sentience, Moral Relevance of
Conjoined Twins (17) Late Modern Continental Sentimentalism
Conscience Partial- and After-Birth Abortion (16) Sentiments, Moral
Conscience and Professionals Latin American Ethics (20) Sex Work (formerly "Prostitution") (17)
Conscientious Objection (20) Leadership Ethics (17) Sexual Consent
Consent Leaking (19) Sexual Equality
Consequentialism (20) Legal Ethics Sexual Harassment
Conservation Biology Legal Moralism (17) Sexual Morality
Constructivism, Moral Levinas, Emmanuel Sexuality in Religions
Constitutivism, Moral (20) Liberalism (18) Shaftesbury, Third Earl of
Consumption, Ethics of (15) Liberation Theology and Ethics Shame and Honor
Contextualism in Ethics (17) Libertarianism (20) Sidgwick, Henry (17 & 20)
Continental Feminist Ethics Liberty Sin, Concepts of
Contractualism (20) Life, Meaning of (20) Situationism (17)
Corporal Punishment Life, Value of Siting (20)
Corporate Culture Literature and Ethics (20) Skepticism, Moral
Corporate Governance (19) Locke, John (19) Slavery
Corporate Social Responsibility (19) Long-Term Care Slippery Slope Arguments
Corruption (19) Lookism (17) Slurs (19)
Cosmopolitanism (17) Love (20) Smith, Adam (19)
Cost-Benefit Analysis (19) Loyalty Social Contract (15 & 20)
Courage Luther, Martin (19) Socrates
Crimes Against Humanity Lying and Deceit Solidarity (19)
Criminal Attempts (19) Machiavelli, Niccolò Sophists
Criminal Justice Ethics Mackie, J. L. Species, the Value of
Criminal Law Maimonides, Moses Speech, Freedom of
Critical Theory Malebranche, Nicolas (19) Spencer, Herbert
Cryoethics Mandeville, Bernard Spinoza, Baruch
Cudworth, Ralph Manipulation Stakeholder Theory
Cybersecurity (19) Marcel, Gabriel Stem Cell Research
Cyrenaics (20) Marcuse, Herbert (17) Stereotyping (19)
Daoist Ethics Marion, Jean-Luc Stevenson, C. L. (19)
de Beauvoir, Simone Maritain, Jacques (19) Stewart, Dugald
Death Marriage (19) Stoicism
Declaration of Helsinki (19) Marx, Karl Strawson, P. F.
Deep Ecology (20) Mead, George Herbert Strict Liability
Deleuze, Gilles Media Ethics (19) Suárez, Francisco
Democracy Medical Futility (17) Subjectivism, Ethical
Deontic Logic (20) Medical Tourism Subjective Theories of Well-Being (19)
Deontology Medieval Ethics (18) Suffering
Derrida, Jacques Mencius Sufficiency Principle (19)
Desert Mercenaries and Private Military Companies Suicide
Desire Mercy Supererogation
Desire Theories of the Good (19) Metaethics (19) Supervenience, Moral
Deterrence (19) Metaethics and Ethics Surrogacy (20)
Development Ethics (19) Methodology in Metaethics (16) Survivor's Guilt (18)
Dewey, John Methods of Practical Ethics Sustainability
Diderot, Denis Military Necessity Sympathy
Difference Principle Military Occupation Synthetic Life Sciences
Dilemmas, Moral (17) Mill, John Stuart Targeted Killing (19)
Dilthey, Wilhelm Minimalism about Truth, Ethics and Taxation (19)
Direction of Fit Miskawayh (19) Territorial Rights (19)
Dirty Hands (15) Modesty (19) Terrorism
Disabilities, People with (20) Montaigne, Michel de Testimony, Moral (20)
Disability and Well-Being (19) Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Thick and Thin Concepts (19)
Disagreement, Moral (16) Moore, G. E. Thomasius, Christian
Discourse Ethics Moral Absolutes (20) Thoreau, Henry David
Discrimination Moral Agency Thought Experiments in Ethics (19)
Disease Mongering (20) Moral Certainty (18) Time Bias (19)
Disgust (18) Moral Character (17) Toleration
Distance, Moral Relevance of Moral Development Torts (20)
Divine Command Moral Expertise (18) Torture
Doctrine of Double Effect Moral Education Trade Secrets (19)
Doing and Allowing Moral Equality of Combatants Tragedy of the Commons
Domestic Violence (20) Moral Ignorance (18) Transformative Experiences (18)
Dōgen (16) Moral Judgment Transgender Rights (19)
Dual Use Research Moral Language, Uses of Transitional Justice (19)
Duns Scotus Moral Luck TRIPS (20)
Durkheim, Emile Moral Point of View (19) Troeltsch, Ernst
Duties to the Dead (19) Moral Progress (18) Trolley Problem (15)
Duty and Obligation Moral Psychology Trust (20)
Early Christian Ethics Moral Reasoning Truth Commissions (19)
Early Modern Ethics (20) Moral Status Truth in Ethics
Eastern Orthodox Ethics Morality, Definition of (20) Twentieth Century Continental Ethics
Ecofeminism (19) Morally Tragic Life Twin Earth, Moral
Ecological Restoration Motherhood Umbutu Ethics (19)
Economic Sanctions Motivation, Humean Theory of Unity of Normativity (19)
Economics and Ethics Motivation, Moral Universalizability
Edwards, Jonathan (15) [revised: 2020] Mozi Usury
Effective Altruism (19) Multiculturalism Utilitarianism
Egalitarianism Murdoch, Iris (19) Vaccination Policies
Egoism Mysticism and Ethics (19) Value Pluralism
Embryo Research Nanotechnology, Ethics of (20) Value Realism
Emerson, Ralph Waldo Narcissism (19) Value, Fitting-Attitude Account of (19)
Emotion Narrative Ethics (19) Vegetarianism and Veganism
Emotivism Nationalism and Patriotism (19) Veterinary Ethics (19)
Empathy (20) Native American Ethics Victimless Crimes
Employers and Employees Natural Law Violence
Employment at Will Natural Resource Ownership (19) Violent Sports (16)
Ends and Means (19) Naturalism, Ethical (19) Virtue
Engineering Ethics Naturalistic Fallacy Virtue Ethics
Enhancement, Biomedical Nature and the Natural Von Wright, G. H. (19)
Environment and Ecology in Religions Needs Voting, Ethics of (19)
Environmental Ethics Negligence Vulnerability (18)
Environmental Virtue Ethics Neo-Aristotelian Ethical Naturalism Wang Yangming
Epistemic Injustice (19) Neuroethics War
Epistemology, Moral Niebuhr, Reinhold War and Religion
Equality (16) Niebhur, Richard H. (15) War Crimes (19)
Equality of Opportunity Nietzsche, Friedrich Weakness of Will
Error Theory Nihilism Weapons Research and Development
Ethical Investment Non-Cognitivism Weber, Max
Ethical Issues in Teaching Nonideal Ethics (17) Welfarism (19)
Ethics in the Hebrew Bible Non-Identity Problem (20) Weil, Simone
Ethics of Aging Non-Naturalism, Ethical Well-being
Ethics of Belief (20) Nonviolence in Religions (19) Whewell, William (17 & 20)
Ethics of Competitive Sport Normative Ethics (19) Whistleblowing (19)
Ethnography and Ethics (17) Normativity White-Collar Crime
Eudaimonism Nuclear Weapons Why Be Moral
Eugenics Nudging (18) Wilderness, Value of
Euthanasia (19) Nursing Ethics William of Ockham
Euthyphro Dilemma Objective Relativism Williams, Bernard
Evaluative vs. Deontic Concepts Objective Theories of Well-Being (19) Wisdom
Evil (19) Objectification (19) Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Evolution, Ethics and (19) Offense Wolff, Christian (20)
Ewing, A.C. (19) Omissions (18) Wollaston, William (16)
Executive Compensation (20) Online Journalism Wollstonecraft, Mary
Existentialism Open Question Argument Work, Nature and Value of
Experimental Ethics Opportunity for Children and the Family (17) World Hunger
Expert Testimony, Ethics of (15 & 19) Oppression World Trade Organization
Expertise, Moral (18) Organ Transplantation Worth/Dignity
Explanations, Moral Organic Unities Wu-wei (20)
Exploitation Ortega y Gasset, José (19) Wrong Kind of Reasons Problem
Externalism, Motivational Ought Wrongful Life
Fact-Value Distinction Ought Implies Can Xunzi
Fair Trade (19)   Zoos and Aquariums (18)
    Zhu Xi
    Zhuangzi