Topics Currently Included in the International Encyclopedia of Ethics

New in light yellow; Revised in light green; Redone from scratch in light blue. Date in parenthesis

[The ones in yellow or green are available only online. All will be included in the Second Print Edition (2020 or 2021)


Current Headwords (Topics)

A Posteriori Ethical Knowledge Exploitation Overcriminalization
A Priori Ethical Knowledge Externalism, Motivational Overridingness, Moral
Abelard, Peter Fact-Value Distinction Pacifism
Abortion Fair Trade (19) Palliative Care (17)
Academic Freedom Faith Paradox of Deontology
Accounting Ethics Falk, W. D. Paradox of Happiness
Achievement (18) Family Paradoxes of Voting
Action Fanon, Frantz (15) Parents' Rights and Responsibilities
Addams, Jane Fatherhood Parfit, Derek (19)
Addiction Feinberg, Joel Particularism
Adoption Feizi, Han (19) Patents
Adorno, Theodor W. Feminist Bioethics Paternalism (15)
Adultery Feminist Ethics Patience (16)
Advance Directives Feminist Metaethics Pedophilia
Adversarial System of Justice Feminist Political Theory Perception, Moral
Advertising, Ethics of Fetuses Perfectionism
Aesthetics and Ethics Fichte, Johann Gottlieb Perry, Ralph Barton
Affirmative Action Fictionalism, Moral Personal Relationships
African American Religious Ethics Filial Duties Personhood, Criteria of
African Ethics (15) Firth, Roderick Pharmacist Ethics
African Politial Philosophy (15) Food Ethics (19) Phenomenology, Moral
Agape Foot, Philippa Philanthropy (19)
Age Discrimination Forgiveness Philosophical and Religious Ethics (20)
Agent-Centered Options Foucault, Michel Plato
Agent-Centered Restrictions Frankena, William K. Plea Bargaining
Agent-Relative vs. Agent-Neutral Free Riding Pleasure
Aggregation (19) Free Will Plotinus
Agricultural Ethics Frege-Geach Objection Political Correctness
Aid, Ethics of Freud, Sigmund Political Ethics
AIDS Friendship Political Obligation
Al-Farabi Frondizi, Risieri Polyamory (16)
Alienation Functionalism, Moral Population
Allocating Scarce Medical Resources Game Theory and Rational Choice Pornography and Obscenity
Altruism and Biology Gandhi, Mohandas K. (15) Potential Persons
Amnesty Gender and Patriarchy in Religions Poverty (19)
Amoralist Generalism vrs. Particularism Power
Analogical Arguments Generosity Practical Conditionals
Anarchism Genetic Testing Practical Reasoning
Ancient Ethics (18) Genetically Modified Organisms Practical Virtue Ethics
Ancillary-Care Obligations Genocide Pragmatic Ethics
Anger (19) Geulincx, Arnold (15) Pragmatic Theory of Action
Animal Cognition Glass Ceiling Praise (19)
Animal Experimentation Global Business Ethics Praxis
Animal Rights Global Distributive Justice Precautionary Principle
Animals, Moral Status of Global Finance (19) Precedent (19)
Anscombe, G.E.M. Global Health Ethics Predatory Pricing
Anthopocentrism Global Poverty Preference
Apology (19) Globalization Prescriptivism
Applied Ethics Golden Rule Preventive and Preemptive War
Aquinas, Saint Thomas Good and Bad Samaritanism Price, Richard
Arendt, Hannah Good and Better Prichard, H. A.
Aristotle Good and Good for (17) Pride
Arrogance Goodness, Varieties of Prima Facie and Pro Tanto Oughts
Arrow's Theorem Gratitude Principlism
Artificial Intelligence (19) Greatest Happiness Principle Prioritarianism
Aspiration (19) Greed (18) Prisoner's Rights (19)
Assassination Green, T.H. Privacy
Association, Freedom of Grief (15) Privacy and the Internet (16)
Associative Duties Grotius, Hugo Pro Attitudes
Atonement Groups, Moral Status of Procreation Ethics (19)
Attention, Moral Guilt Productive Justice (19)
Attitudes, Reactive Guise of the Good Professional Ethics (15)
Augustine, Saint Gun Control Profit Motive
Austin, J. L.  Guo Xiang Projectivism
Austin, John Guyau, Jean-Marie (15) Promises
Authenticity Happiness Propaganda
Authority Hare, R. M. Properties, Moral
Autonomy Harm Proportionality (in War)
Autonomy of Ethics Harm Principle Prostitution (renamed "Sex Work") (17)
Ayer, A. J. Harrington, James Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph
Bad Faith and the Unconscious Hart, H.L.A. Prudence
Badiou, Alain Hartmann, Nicolai Psychiatric Ethics
Balguy, John Hate Speech Psychopathy
Basic Income (19) Health and Disease in Religions Psychopharmacology
Barth, Karl (16) Health Care Resources, Distribution of Psychosurgery
Benefiting from Injustice (19) Health Surveillance, Ethics of Public Goods
Benevolence (18) Hedonism Public Health Ethics
Bentham, Jeremy Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Public Philosophy (19)
Bergson, Henri Heidegger, Martin Public Reason
Berlin, Isaiah (15) Hellenistic Ethics Publicity
Bias (18) Highest Good Pufendorf, Samuel von
Biocentrism (16) Hindu Ethics Punishment
Bioethics Hobbes, Thomas Quasi-Realism
Biopolitics (15) Hobhouse, L.T. (17) Queerness, Argument from (17)
Biopiracy Holism (16) Quietism
Biotechnology Holocaust Quotidian Ethics
Birth Control Homicide Rabbinic Ethics
Blame Homosexuality Race, What It Is
Bloch, Ernst Honor Racial Profiling (19)
Body (15) Hope (19) Racism
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich (15) Hospitality (15) Ransom (19)
Bluffing Human Rights and Religion Ranciére, Jacques
Boycotts Human Subjects, Research Use of Rape
Bradley, F.H. Humanitarian Intervention Rashdall, Hastings (16)
Brain Death Hume, David Rationalism in Ethics (17)
Brain Drain (18) Humor, Ethics of Rationality
Brentano, Franz Hunting Rauschenbusch, Walter
Bribery and Extortion Husserl, Edmund Rawls, John
Buber, Martin Hutcheson, Francis Realism, Moral
Buck-Passing Accounts Hybrid Theories of Moral Statements Reason and Passion
Buddhist Ethics Hybrid Theories of Well-Being (I9) Reasons
Bullying (16) Hypocrisy (18) Reasons for Action, Morality and
Burden of Proof (16) Ibn Bâjja (19) Reasons, Internal and External
Burke, Edmund Ideal Observer Theories Reasons, Motivating and Normative
Business Ethics Idealization in Ethics Reasons: Atomism and Holism
Butler, Joseph Identity, Politics of Reasonable Person Standard (19)
Calvin, John Imagination in Ethics Reciprocity
Camus, Albert Immigration (19) Recognition
Capabilities Impartiality Reconciliation 
Capital Punishment Imperatives, Categorical and Hypothetical Reductionism in Ethics
Care Ethics Imperatives, Logic of (15) Reflective Equilibrium
Carritt, E.F. (16) Imperfect Duties Refugees (20)
Castes and Casteism (19) Implicit Bias (18) Regret
Casuistry Incest Reid, Thomas
Categorical Imperative Incommensurability (and Incomparability) Reification (19)
Character Infanticide Relational Autonomy (19)
Charity Infectious Diseases Relational Ethics (16)
Chastity Informed Consent Relativism, Moral
Cheating Inheritance Religion and Global Ethics
Child Abuse and Neglect Insanity Defense Religion and Politics
Children's Rights Instrumental Value Religion, Freedom of
Citizenship Integrity (18) Religious Saints
Civic Friendship Intellectual Property Reparations
Civic Virtue Intellectual Virtue (18) Reproductive Technology
Civil Disobedience Intention Repugnant Conclusion
Civil Rights Intentionality Research Ethics
Civilian Immunity Intergenerational Ethics (16) Respect
Clarke, Samuel (19) Internalism, Motivational Response-Dependent Theories
Climate Change International Bill of Rights Responsibility (18)
Cloning International Criminal Justice Responsibility, Continental Perspectives on (15)
Codes of Ethics International Relations (16) Responsibility for Structural Global Injustice (18)
Coercion International Research Ethics Retribution
Coercive Wage Offers Internet Ethics Ricoeur, Paul
Cognitivism Intersubjectivity Rights (17)
Cohen, G.A (18) Intimidation (16) Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Cohen, Hermann Intransitivity Ring of Gyges
Coherentism, Moral Intrinsic Value Risk
Collateral Consequences of Punishment (19) Intuitionism, Moral Robotics (19)
Collateral Damage Intuitions, Moral Rorty, Richard
Collective Responsibility Islamic Ethics Ross, W. D.
Colonialism and Post-Colonialism Is-Ought Gap Rousseau, Jean-Jacques
Commitment Jain Ethics Rules, Standards, and Principles
Commodification James, William (16) Russell, Bertrand
Common Good Jankélévitch, Vladimir (15) Same-Sex Marriage
Communitarianism Jaspers, Karl Sartre, Jean-Paul
Companion Animals (15) Jefferson, Thomas Satisficing
Companions in Guilt Strategy (17) Journalistic Ethics (15) Savior Siblings
Comparable Worth Journalistic Objectivity (15) Scarcity (17)
Comparative Religious Ethics Just Cause (in War) Scheler, Max
Compensatory Justice Just Price Schelling, Fredrich
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (18) Just War Theory, History of Schleiermacher, Fredrich
Complicity (17) Justice (17) Schopenhauer, Arthur
Compromise Juvenile Justice (17) Secession
Computer Ethics Kant, Immanuel Self-Deception
Concepts vs. Properties, Moral Kantian Practical Ethics Self-Defense
Condorcet (15) Kelsen, Hans Self-plagiarism (19)
Condorcet's Jury Theorem Kierkegaard, Søren(16) Self-Respect and Self-Esteem
Confidentiality Killing Semantics, Moral
Conflict of Interest King Jr., Martin Luther Sensibility Theory
Confucian Ethics Laozi Sentience, Moral Relevance of
Confucius Las Casas, Bartolome de (18) Sentimentalism
Conjoined Twins (17) Last Person Arguments Sentiments, Moral
Conscience Late Modern British Ethics (17) Sex Work (formerly "Prostitution") (17)
Conscience and Professionals Late Modern Continental Sexual Consent
Conscientious Objection Partial- and After-Birth Abortion (16) Sexual Equality
Consent Latin American Ethics Sexual Harassment
Consequentialism Leadership Ethics (17) Sexual Morality
Conservation Biology Leaking (19) Sexuality in Religions
Constructivism, Moral Legal Ethics Shaftesbury, Third Earl of
Constitutivism, Moral (17) Legal Moralism (17) Shame and Honor
Consumption, Ethics of (15) Levinas, Emmanuel Sidgwick, Henry (17)
Contextualism in Ethics (17) Liberalism (18) Sin, Concepts of
Continental Feminist Ethics Liberation Theology and Ethics Situationism (17)
Contractualism Libertarianism Siting
Corporal Punishment Liberty Skepticism, Moral
Corporate Culture Life, Meaning of Slavery
Corporate Governance Life, Value of Slippery Slope Arguments
Corporate Social Responsibility Literature and Ethics Slurs (19)
Corruption Locke, John Smith, Adam (19)
Cosmopolitanism (17) Long-Term Care Social Contract (15)
Cost-Benefit Analysis Lookism (17) Socrates
Courage Love Solidarity
Crimes Against Humanity Loyalty Sophists
Criminal Attempts Luther, Martin Species, the Value of
Criminal Justice Ethics Lying and Deceit Speech, Freedom of
Criminal Law Machiavelli, Niccolò Spencer, Herbert
Critical Theory Mackie, J. L. Spinoza, Baruch
Cryoethics Maimonides, Moses Stakeholder Theory
Cudworth, Ralph Malebranche, Nicolas Stem Cell Research
Cybersecurity (19) Mandeville, Bernard Stereotyping (19)
Cyrenaics Manipulation Stevenson, C. L.
Daoist Ethics Marcel, Gabriel Stewart, Dugald
de Beauvoir, Simone Marcuse, Herbert (17) Stoicism
Death Marion, Jean-Luc Strawson, P. F.
Declaration of Helsinki Marriage Strict Liability
Deep Ecology Marx, Karl Suárez, Francisco
Deleuze, Gilles Mead, George Herbert Subjectivism, Ethical
Democracy Media Ethics (19) Subjective Theories of Well-Being (19)
Deontic Logic Medical Futility (17) Suffering
Deontology Medical Tourism Sufficiency Principle (19)
Derrida, Jacques Medieval Ethics( 18) Suicide
Desert Mencius Supererogation
Desire Mercenaries and Private Military Companies Supervenience, Moral
Desire Theories of the Good Mercy Surrogacy
Deterrence Metaethics Survivor's Guilt (18)
Development Ethics (19) Metaethics and Ethics Sustainability
Dewey, John Methodology in Metaethics (16) Sympathy
Diderot, Denis Methods of Practical Ethics Synthetic Life Sciences
Difference Principle Military Necessity Targeted Killing (19)
Dilemmas, Moral (17) Military Occupation Taxation (19)
Dilthey, Wilhelm Mill, John Stuart Territorial Rights (19)
Direction of Fit Minimalism about Truth, Ethics and Terrorism
Dirty Hands (15) Miskawayh (19) Testimony, Moral
Disabilities, People with Modesty Thick and Thin Concepts
Disability and Well-Being (19) Montaigne, Michel de Thomasius, Christian
Disagreement, Moral (16) Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Thoreau, Henry David
Discourse Ethics Moore, G. E. Thought Experiments in Ethics
Discrimination Moral Absolutes Time Bias (19)
Disease Mongering Moral Agency Toleration
Disgust (18) Moral Certainty (18) Torts
Distance, Moral Relevance of Moral Character (17) Torture
Divine Command Moral Development Trade Secrets
Doctrine of Double Effect Moral Expertise (18) Tragedy of the Commons
Doing and Allowing Moral Education Transformative Experiences (18)
Domestic Violence Moral Equality of Combatants Transgender Rights (19)
Dōgen (16) Moral Ignorance (18) TRIPS
Dual Use Research Moral Judgment Troeltsch, Ernst
Duns Scotus Moral Language, Uses of Trolley Problem (15)
Durkheim, Emile Moral Luck Trust
Duties to the Dead (19) Moral Point of View Truth Commissions
Duty and Obligation Moral Progress (18) Truth in Ethics
Early Christian Ethics Moral Psychology Twentieth Century Continental Ethics
Early Modern Ethics Moral Reasoning Twin Earth, Moral
Eastern Orthodox Ethics Moral Status Umbutu Ethics (19)
Ecofeminism Morality, Definition of Unity of Normativity (19)
Ecological Restoration Morally Tragic Life Universalizability
Economic Sanctions Motherhood Usury
Economics and Ethics Motivation, Humean Theory of Utilitarianism
Edwards, Jonathan (15) Motivation, Moral Vaccination Policies
Effective Altruism (19) Mozi Value Pluralism
Egalitarianism Multiculturalism Value Realism
Egoism Murdoch, Iris Value, Fitting-Attitude Account of
Embryo Research Mysticism and Ethics Vegetarianism and Veganism
Emerson, Ralph Waldo Nanotechnology, Ethics of Veterinary Ethics
Emotion Narrative Ethics (19) Victimless Crimes
Emotivism Nationalism and Patriotism Violence
Empathy Native American Ethics Violent Sports (16)
Employers and Employees Natural Law Virtue
Employment at Will Natural Resource Ownership (19) Virtue Ethics
Ends and Means (19) Naturalism, Ethical Von Wright, G. H.
Engineering Ethics Naturalistic Fallacy Voting, Ethics of (19)
Enhancement, Biomedical Nature and the Natural Vulnerability (18)
Environment and Ecology in Religions Needs Wang Yangming
Environmental Ethics Negligence War
Environmental Virtue Ethics Neo-Aristotelian Ethical Naturalism War and Religion
Epistemic Injustice (19) Neuroethics War Crimes
Epistemology, Moral Niebuhr, Reinhold Weakness of Will
Equality (16) Niebhur, Richard H. (15) Weapons Research and Development
Equality of Opportunity Nietzsche, Friedrich Weber, Max
Error Theory Nihilism Welfarism (19)
Ethical Investment Non-Cognitivism Weil, Simone
Ethical Issues in Teaching Nonideal Ethics (17) Well-being
Ethics in the Hebrew Bible Non-Identity Problem Whewell, William (17)
Ethics of Aging Non-Naturalism, Ethical Whistleblowing
Ethics of Belief Non-Violence in Religions White-Collar Crime
Ethics of Competitive Sport Normative Ethics (19) Why Be Moral
Ethnography and Ethics (17) Normativity Wilderness, Value of
Eudaimonism Nuclear Weapons William of Ockham
Eugenics Nudging (18) Williams, Bernard
Euthanasia Nursing Ethics Wisdom
Euthyphro Dilemma Objective Relativism Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Evaluative vs. Deontic Concepts Objective Theories of Well-Being (19) Wolff, Christian
Evil Objectification (19) Wollaston, William (16)
Evolution, Ethics and Offense Wollstonecraft, Mary
Ewing, A.C. Omissions Work, Nature and Value of
Executive Compensation Online Journalism World Hunger
Existentialism Open Question Argument World Trade Organization
Experimental Ethics Opportunity for Children and the Family (17) Worth/Dignity
Expert Testimony, Ethics of (15) Oppression Wrong Kind of Reasons Problem
Expertise, Moral (18) Organ Transplantation Wrongful Life
Explanations, Moral Organic Unities Xunzi
  Ortega y Gasset, José Zoos and Aquariums(18)
  Ought Zhu Xi
  Ought Implies Can Zhuangzi